The UN Sustainable Development Summit 2019: The member states are missing their targets by far

Every third person in the world suffers from malnutrition. The number of refugees and internally displaced persons has risen up to 70 million people. Half of the worlds population has no access to basic health care.

From 24 to 25 September 2019, the governments of many of the 193 UN member states as well as representatives of business enterprises and non-governmental organisations met for the first time for a sustainability summit after 2015.

The agenda included a first interim assessment of the sustainable development goals (SDG) adopted in 2015 with a total of 17 SDG aimed at overcoming extreme poverty and hunger by 2030 and enabling all the inhabitants of the world to live in prosperity and dignity by the end of the year.

At the start of the SDG Summit, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres made it clear that the discrepancy between the goals adopted at UN level and the actual actions of the member states is at least as great as in the field of climate protection. "We are not on course to implement the SDG and far from reaching the interim goal by today," Guterrerres declared.

According to a report published in mid-September by a group of experts convened by the UN Secretary-General, the global number of hungry people has risen for the third consecutive year in 2018 - to a total of about 815 million people. Every third person in the world suffers from malnutrition. 

The number of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) has also risen dramatically in the last 18 years - from around 23 million in 2000 to around 44 million in 2015 and now to almost 70 million. According to the United Nations expert report, at least half of the world's population has no access to basic health care. Environmental degradation, species extinction and the emission of climate-damaging carbon dioxide have increased since 2015.

Germany is far behind in achieving its own goals. Only 24 of the 67 objectives of the German Sustainability Strategy are currently being achieved. Setbacks must be measured in areas such as climate protection, sustainable consumption and production patterns and energy consumption. The IB jointly with the German network VENRO demands to implement the German Sustainability Strategy, we need binding and coherent measures for all departments and the necessary financial resources. International contexts must also be given greater consideration in key objectives such as poverty reduction, health and education.

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